North Central Region
North Central Nigeria consists of the seven states situated geograhically in the middle belt region of the country, spanning from the west, around the confluence of the River Niger and the River Benue. The region itself is rich in natural land features, and boasts some of Nigeria's most exciting scenery. The region is also home to many historical and colonial relics.
Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria, and as such the buidlings of the government of Nigeria are located here. When you look at the map of Nigeria you will see it covers an area that is strategically located at the centre of the country in the FCT (Federal Capital Territory). Abuja has not always been the captial of Nigeria, and only attained that status in 1991, when all administrative offices were officially moved from Lagos.
Benue State is located in the mid-eastern region of Nigeria and it has a population of about 4,256, 641 (2006 population census). The state was carved out from the former Benue-Plateau State in 1976 and was named after the River Benue. The capital city is Markurdi and their main ethic groups are Tiv, Idoma, Igede, Etulo and Abakwa.
Benue State shares boundaries with Nasarawa State to the north, Taraba State to the east, Cross River State to the south, Enugu to the south-west and Kogi to the west. Due to the geographical location, Benue is often thought of as the 'food basket of the nation', as it has a rich agricultural region. Some of the crops grown in the State are: potatoes, cassava, soya bean, guinea corn, flax, yam, sesame rice and groundnuts.
In a bid to encourage higher education among it citizenry, the state has three universities: Federal University of Agriculture, Benue State University and University of Mkar. It has two polytechnics: Benue State Polytechnic and Fidel Polytechnic.
Kogi state is located in the central region of Nigeria, it was created out of Kwara State and Benue State on August 27, 1991 with Lokoja as the administrative quarters. Lokoja, is steeped in Nigerian history as the name "Nigeria" was coined there by Flora Shaw who became the wife of Baron Lugard (a British colonial administrator in the colonial era).
Kogi State is called the "Confluence State" because of it location. The State is located at the meeting point of the Rivers Niger and Benue; the confluence of both rivers. It has several several ethnic language groups, but the three main ones are: Igala, Ebira, and Okun.
Education is the state's main social industry. There are more than 20 institutions of higher learning presently in the state comprising: State University, Polytechnics, Colleges of Education, Colleges of Education, Advanced Teachers Colleges, Health Technology Colleges, Schools of Nursing and Midwifery.
Kogi State has beautiful places of interest to visit such as: Lord Lugard's House (He was a British colonial administrator in Nigeria), the confluence of the River Niger and Benue.
Kwara State is located in the western region in the middle belt of Nigeria. The State was created on May 27, 1967 under the Military regime of General Yakubu Gowon. It was among one of the first of 12 states created to replace the nation's four regions. Initially the state was named the West Central State but as time went on more states was carved out from it and it was renamed Kwara a local name for the river Niger.
Kwara State is known as 'The State of Harmony' because of the peaceful relations between its many ethnic groups, which include Yoruba, Nupe, Bariba and Fulani tribes. Kwara state capital is the ancient city of Ilorin, with a history that dates back to the Oyo Empire.
Things to watch out for in Kwara:
- Owu FallOkuta Ilorin
- Alfa Alimi Mosque
- Imoleboja Rockshelter
- Adin and Black Soap Industry
- Dada Pottery
- Kanji Lake National Park
- Ogunjokoro Iron Mass Park
- Ningurume Fish Pond
- Esie Museum
- Watana Rock
- Wanzaya Cave
Niger State is in the north-western region of Nigeria and it is the largest of the states in the country. Minna is the state capital and other major cities include Bida, Kontagora and Suleja. Niger State gets its name from the River Niger which forms one of its natural borders. Due to its location, Niger State is home to two of the country's major hydroelectric power stations: the Kainji Dam and the Shiroro Dam - hence why it is called the 'Power State'.
Niger State is also home to Kainji National Park, the largest National Park in Nigeria, which contains Kainji Lake, the Borgu Game Reserve and the Zugurma Game Reserve. The state has several ethnic groups including; Nupe, Gbagyi, Hausa, Kadara, Koro, Barab, Kakanda, Gana Gana, Dibo, Kambari, Kamuku, Pangu, Dukawa, Gwada and Ingwai.
The population of Niger State are primarily farmers.